Don't Get Lost in the Wash: How to Use Your Dishwasher Efficiently
Using Your Dishwasher at a Glance
- Step 1: Remove large food bits
- Step 2: Load top rack
- Step 3: Load bottom rack
- Step 4: Run wash and dry cycle
Automatic dishwashers were a great step forward when they were invented in the late 1800s. They’ve been around long enough that many of us grew up with a dishwasher in the house, and we probably use one nearly every day. However, not everyone knows how to use a dishwasher efficiently.
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Using your dishwasher efficiently saves energy, water and dishwasher detergent. Running the dishwasher well also gets rid of bits of food and can prevent water spots, streaks and unpleasant residue. Using a dishwasher can be broken down into three broad categories: clearing dishes off, loading the dishwasher and drying the dishes. Here’s a walkthrough of each one.
Prepping the Dishes
Before you load the dishwasher, it can be helpful to give the dirty dishes a cursory rinse in the sink, or at least scrape off larger food bits into the trash or garbage disposal. This suggestion is not to be confused with the controversial (and largely debunked) “pre-rinse,” where you meticulously scrub every last bit of mess off the dishes before loading them in the dishwasher. Most, if not all, contemporary dishwashers are designed to handle even the crustiest ketchup splotches — and thoroughly rinsing dishes may even be an impediment to dishwasher performance. But a halfhearted rinsing or scraping off of larger food particles can prevent clogging without wasting too much time or water.
Loading the Dishwasher
You can usually load dishes and glasses into the dishwasher as you clear them off, but you should pay attention to how you load the dishwasher while you work.
Always load the dishwasher in such a way as to allow hot, soapy water to reach the whole surface of every item. If you load a dish in a position that blocks the dishwasher’s spray arm, an entire section behind that dish might not get properly cleaned.
Load the Top Rack
The top rack of your dishwasher is a good place to put glasses, cups, long utensils and other items that might get knocked around on the lower rack. This is also where you want to put plastic containers and anything else marked “top rack only.” Some dishwashers even have a basket on the top rack where you can put the nozzles and other components of bottles and travel cups when you disassemble them. Remember that water pressure is typically lower in this part of the dishwasher, so try to use it just for gently used items that don’t need a solid jet of water to clean them.
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Load the Bottom Rack
Dishes on the bottom rack are closer to the spray arm and tend to get higher pressure from the water jets. They also get the runoff from dishes on the top rack. This makes the bottom rack ideal for plates and pans. Put your silverware in the basket to keep it from falling through the racks.
After you finish loading, you can put the dishwashing detergent (not dish soap) in the loading cups. These are generally located on the inside of the door.
Things to Remember as You Load
As you load the dishwasher, try to keep a few general rules in mind:
- Heavy items go on the lowest rack possible.
- Leave space between fragile glassware since the water might knock them around.
- Don’t crowd utensils together too closely in the basket. The water might not be able to reach everywhere.
- Line plates up in rows to get the most out of limited space.
- Small or lightweight items on the bottom rack might be pushed over or flipped by the water pressure.
- Only use the recommended type and amount of detergent in the loading cups. Using too much can easily cause streaks.
Drying and Unloading the Dishes
When the wash cycle is finished, your dishwasher might have the option of a hot dry cycle. This may or may not be worth using. The heating element in the bottom of the dishwasher can dry dishes faster than regular drip drying, preventing streaks on your glasses. However, it can also be an unnecessary use of energy. Using the heated drying cycle can also melt plastic items that may have fallen into the well of the dishwasher compartment.
Consider skipping this step. Instead, crack open the dishwasher door to let the steam out when it’s done. If there’s still water on your dishes when you remove them, dry them off with a towel before putting them away.
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