They Don't Make 'Em Like They Used To: Are Old Appliances Better Than New Ones?
Old Maytag commercials in the 1970s and '80s often featured a character known as the Maytag Repairman. The point of the ads was that he was perpetually lonely because Maytag’s washers and dryers were so efficient and lasted so long, no one ever called him for help. The same was true of ovens, refrigerators and other appliances.
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Those days are far gone. Modern appliances have much shorter lifespans, with many lasting less than a decade (and some much less). Planned obsolescence, some say, plays a role in the shortened service life of appliances on today’s market.
“They just don’t make them like they used to.” You may have heard folks say this very thing about today’s crop of appliances. But is there any truth to this all-too-common observation? Are the appliances of yesteryear measurably better than modern appliances? Is planned obsolescence of appliances more than just a myth? A look at this phenomenon in greater detail may shed some light on why older appliances seem to outlast newer ones by a large margin.
Why Do Older Appliances Seem to Last Longer Than Modern Models?
Older appliances seem to last longer than modern models because they do. It is not unusual to see an old Frigidaire refrigerator from the '70s used in the garage or chilling drinks in a man cave. Case in point: In 1956, world-famous chef Julia Child purchased a six-burner Garland gas stove. It still works and is on display at the Smithsonian.
The appliances of days gone by were built for longevity. They were made using simple parts — and perhaps more importantly — parts that were fixable. In fact, appliances manufactured in the 1970s often last from 30 to 50 years. Should an appliance break, there was a simple fix, such as replacing a hose, to get it working again for another decade or two. It doesn’t appear that that’s the case for modern appliances, but there’s no subjective proof that planned obsolescence is real.
What Is Planned Obsolescence?
As the name suggests, planned obsolescence is essentially a theory that manufacturers purposely design products with flaws that deliberately shorten the products’ useful service life. This has the effect of forcing the consumer to purchase a new washer, dryer, refrigerator or other appliance sooner rather than later — which obviously is good for profits (although potentially bad for growing a brand’s reputation). Products that consumers have to have — essentials — are purported to be the target of planned obsolescence.
Folks who subscribe to the theory of planned obsolescence point to the design of many modern appliances that are nearly impossible to repair. For example, modern washers are being consistently built with their ball bearings set into their drums. A washer’s drum is a very expensive part; bearings are historically not that expensive. However, positioning the bearings in the drum makes it practically impossible to just switch the washer’s bearings when they wear out. So, what choice does the owner of this now-defunct washer have other than to purchase a new one?
Prevention of repair is one of the ways that planned obsolescence can occur. By making repairs more difficult than necessary or even by requiring special tools for the repair work to be done, it is thought that companies hinder the repair process and cause consumers to make a purchase to replace the item instead.
Do Newer Appliances Really Break Down More Than Their Older Counterparts?
Yes, they do. Dishwashers last an average of nine years, trash compactors six years and refrigerators 13 years. A refrigerator purchased in 1970 could still be working today; many are.
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What Can Consumers Do?
While there is no definitive proof that planned obsolescence was on the forethought of an appliance designer’s mind when they churned out the plans for the latest range or dishwasher, lots of folks are frustrated by how difficult it can be to repair modern appliances. If you’re among them, there are things you can do:
- Look for products that have extended warranties. If a company is confident about the quality of its washers, dryers and other appliances, it will likely offer some sort of warranty to back it up beyond the general manufacturer’s warranty.
- When possible, choose appliances that can be repaired easily because parts for them are readily available.
- Read reviews for appliances that you are considering. Word-of-mouth reviews from other consumers can help you determine if a particular brand is building products that last or if you should look to a different brand for your appliance replacement or upgrade.
- Buy secondhand. Look for deals locally online through social media marketplaces or Craigslist. Learn more about a vintage appliance by checking its serial number, if it has one. Buying an older, more durable appliance from an estate sale may be a viable alternative for your situation.
- Take good care of the appliances you buy. Treat them gently and use proper maintenance to ensure they last as long as possible.
Are Older Appliances Really Better Than New Ones?
Whether older appliances are better than modern appliances depends on what constitutes “better” to the consumer. If what you want most is an appliance you can replace and then forget about it for a few decades, older appliances historically last longer than modern appliances.
Still, modern appliances are oodles more efficient than those of the past. For instance, dishwashers that used to use 10 gallons (38 liters) of water per use now use only 3 gallons (11 liters). A washer from several decades ago might have required 50 gallons (190 liters) of water per load. Today, a modern washer may use just 12 gallons (45 liters) for the same amount of laundry.
Plus, new appliances have lots of smart and modern features older ones couldn’t have possibly had. Try connecting a 1970’s refrigerator to the internet, or remotely preheating an oven built before the advent of smartphones.
The Bottom Line
When it comes to appliances, newer may not always be better. Certainly, newer is flashier. Newer makes it easier to match other kitchen appliances and offers more bells and whistles, from extra burners to Wi-Fi-connected features. Newer is also (usually) more energy efficient. And if manufacturers are making it difficult to repair modern appliances, newer appliances may eventually be all that are available anyway. Still, there’s a lot to be said for older appliances if you’re lucky enough to own them or get your hands on some.