Congratulations! You’ve reached the most un-glamorous page on the entire internet! Chances are you’re here out of necessity (and let’s face it – you can’t get much more ‘necessary’ than a working toilet) and you need a step-by-step guide to fitting a toilet pan connector. You’re in the right place, so read on and we’ll show you how to fit and plumb a toilet waste pipe.
Why you might need to install a toilet waste pipe
You might be a new homeowner replacing an old and worn out toilet pan connector or installing a new one in a completely new place as part of a bathroom renovation or new en-suite installation. Either way, you’ll need to access the part that meets the sewer drains through a hole in the wall or the floor. You’ll also have some joining work to do.
If you’re replacing an old toilet then we recommend you take a look at our full How to install a toilet article for the full lowdown. If it’s just a toilet seat you need to fit, check out How to fit a toilet seat.
How to install a toilet pan connector
Your toilet pan connector’s main function is to carry out the flush water into the drain. So it’s a crucial part of your home’s plumbing.
Installing a toilet waste pipe can take a while, and requires intermediate DIY/plumbing skills. If this isn’t part of your usual skillset, we recommend you hire a plumber to take on this rather involved project. If you’re ready to roll up your sleeves and do this, let’s go!
What you may need:
- Plastic bag or cloth
If you have a working waste pipe that you’re connecting a new toilet to, it’s definitely recommended to cover and seal it using a bag or cloth while it’s not connected to the toilet, to prevent potentially harmful (and odorous) gasses entering your bathroom from the sewers below.
We also assume your mains water is switched off if you have an unconnected waste pipe.
Step 1 – Cut out space for the pan outlet
The toilet flange attaches your toilet to the waste pipe and helps to prevent the toilet from rocking, keeping it secure. If you’re replacing an old toilet waste pipe, you’ll need to make sure the pipeline clears the hole in the flooring or the wall and connects securely to the sewer drains. If you are moving the position of the toilet in your bathroom, or creating an entirely new en-suite, for example, you’ll need to carve out the hole yourself using a drill with a spade bit and then a jigsaw, in order to fit the toilet flange piece to the soil pipe.
Step 2 – Fix down the WC pan
Once the toilet is connected to the soil pipe, you then need to fix it to the floor using screws. Some toilets have 2 or 4 screws that go into the floor. Some toilets have L shape brackets which are fixed to the floor and are hidden inside the toilet base. Screws are then fixed into these brackets from the outside.
Step 3 – Make the hidden connections
You’ll now need to connect a new pan connector of suitable length.
Step 4 – Connect the connecting couple and the sewer pipe
Use ABS glue to connect the two pieces, holding it under pressure in the same position for 30 to 35 seconds. Be careful – any time before 30 seconds and the pipes can easily slip as the glue is still not sticky enough. You can’t be too careful here as you don’t ever want that toilet waste water leaking inside your house.
How far should the toilet waste pipe be from the wall?
This is called your ‘toilet rough-in’ distance, meaning the distance from the wall to the centre of the waste pipe. Most toilets have a rough-in of 12 inches, although older homes can have 10 or 14 inches.
How big should a toilet waste pipe be?
A typical toilet waste pipe is 100mm/4 inches in diameter. When a house is being newly built or completely renovated it’s relatively easy to route this large pipe from the toilets to the drain. If you’re routing a pipe to a new bathroom and all the internal walls are already up, it’s more difficult. As a workaround, some people fit a macerator here so they can fit a smaller pipe.
Can a toilet and sink share the same drain?
Yes, but the sink must empty into the toilet drain. Toilets have the largest drainpipe, so plumbers empty the bathroom sink drain, which is smaller in diameter, into the toilet drain line. They install a common vent that allows water and waste to drain without forming an airlock.
Your toilet should now be connected to the waste pipe
Once you connect all the parts of your toilet, you can switch on your water mains and flush away.
Well done – you’ve just DIYed where others daren’t
If you’ve now managed to plumb your toilet waste pipe yourself, we salute you. If you usually don’t have time to deal with blocked toilets, burst pipes or blocked drains yourself, consider taking out plumbing and drainage cover, or get access to a nationwide repairs network of Home Experts and check out Appliance Insurance for even more peace of mind.
How do you plumb a toilet waste pipe?
1. Cut out space for the flange
2. Fix the flange
3. Make the hidden connections
4. Connect the connecting couple and the sewer pipe